Cornea Transplant

What is a Cornea?

The cornea is a transparent structure at the front of the eye that is responsible for a large part of the eye's ability to focus light on the retina. Many pathologies can disrupt the clarity or shape of the cornea. These conditions can include keratoconus, fuch's endothelial dystrophy, scarring from bacterial or fungal keratitis, etc. There are several non-surgical and surgical treatments for corneal pathology. Unhealthy corneal tissue causes glare and blurred vision, and corneal pathology is the 4th most common cause of blindness.

Corneal transplant is a surgical procedure to replace part of your cornea with corneal tissue from a donor. It can improve vision, reduce pain, and help with the appearance of a damaged or diseased cornea. There are two main procedures for corneal transplants; 1) where the entire cornea is replaced, and 2) where specific layers of the cornea are replaced.

How successful is the treatment?

Corneal transplants have relatively good success rates compared to most tissue transplant procedures. It does carry the risk of graft rejection, inflammation and secondary pathology in some cases. Surgeons outweigh the risks to benefits prior to recommending surgery.